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Prominent sources[]

  • The main source is Kassen 2016, a master's thesis in German from the Leuphana University Lüneburg. It was published by GRIN Publishing. Kassen 2016 is the source for numerous, extensive passages and illustrations that have been translated word-for-word without ever giving reference to the source. Out of a total of 82 plagiarized text passages, 38 are largely verbatim translations from this thesis.
  • Another important source that is also never mentioned in the thesis is the German Wikipedia. Extensive passages and illustrations have been translated from Wikipedia Solow-Modell 2018.

Prominent findings[]

The suspicion of plagiarism concerns, among other things, extended passages of text.

  • 14 fragments extend to an entire page.
  • Some sub-chapters consist entirely, or almost entirely, of text translated from sources for which there is no corresponding reference.
    • Chapter 3.4 with its subchapters extends from page 46 to 58. It is almost completely (including the illustrations) translated from Kassen 2016 without the source ever being mentioned. Exceptions to this are 3 lines on page 46 and 2 lines each on page 47 and 48, for which no takeover could be ascertained so far, as well as 10 lines on page 47, which were translated from another German-language source Steinhardt 2006 without a corresponding reference.
    • Other shorter chapters consist exclusively of text translated almost word-for-word from the German-language Wikipedia (Wikipedia Solow 2018) without citing the source:
    • Chapter 3.2, which runs from page 31 to 33, is also taken over in its entirety and is a collage of two different, unnamed sources: Schmieder 2016 and Kohlmeier Schimany 2005.
  • Out of 18 sources identified for documented text parallels, 14 of them are not mentioned in the thesis at all.

Other observations[]

The page numbering in the table of contents does not always correspond to the actual pagination in the main text. See the Overview section for discrepancies.

Critical reception by the thesis supervisor and the opponents[]

Since the reviews of the supervisor of the doctoral thesis and of the three opponents were also published online, this allows to cite their critical comments and overall evaluations:

  • doc. Ing. Petr Blížkovský. Ph.D.: Stanovisko školitele k průběhu studia a disertační práci doktorandky K[..] S[..] (2019-10-15) (PDF)
    • "Práce byla vypracována dle mého názoru podle standardů kladených na disertační práci. [...] Doktorandka používala adekvátních statistických metod vyhodnocení dat a výsledky své práce přehledně presentovala a diskutovala.
      Předložená práce je zpracována na vysoké úrovni, autorka prokázala rozsáhlou znalost řešené problematiky, splňuje po obsahové i formální stránce veškeré náležitosti kladené na práci tohoto typu."

      (translation via DeepL.com: "In my opinion, the thesis was prepared according to the standards set for a dissertation. [...] The PhD student used adequate statistical methods of data evaluation and presented and discussed the results of her work clearly.
      The submitted thesis is prepared at a high level, the author has demonstrated extensive knowledge of the subject, it meets all the requirements for a thesis of this type in terms of content and form.")
  • prof. Ing. Jiřina Jílková, CSc.: Oponentní posudek na disertační práci (2019-09-20) (PDF)
    • "V disertační práci pak autorka systematicky postupuje podle obecně přjatých principů pro zpracování vědeckých prací." (p. 1)
      (translation via DeepL.com: "In the dissertation, the author systematically follows the generally accepted principles for the preparation of scientific papers.")
    • "Formální stránka disertace: úroveň je dobrá v textu i v grafických prezentacích, v textu se občas vyskytují drobné nejasnosti či neobratné formulace." (p. 2)
      (translation via DeepL.com: "Formal aspect of the dissertation: the level is good in the text and in the graphic presentations, with occasional minor ambiguities or clumsy wording in the text.")
    • "Předložená disertační práce splňuje podmínky a požadavky na disertační práci kladené. V případě úspěšné obhajoby navrhuji udělené akademického titulu philosophiae doctor – Ph. D." (p. 3)
      (translation via DeepL.com: "The submitted dissertation meets the conditions and requirements for a dissertation. In case of successful defence, I propose to award the academic degree of philosophiae doctor – Ph. D.")
  • doc. lng. Milan Palát, Ph.D.: Opponent review of dissertation thesis (2019-09-16) (PDF)
    • "[Conclusion:] The dissertation of K[..] S[..] fulfils the elementary requirements on dissertations of a doctoral study programme. The dissertation thesis has clearly defined objectives and adequate research methods. Applied methodological approach and achieved results enable to answer research questions and verify hypotheses, which have been set, and by its contents it brings new knowledge related to the research topic. The results proved the capability of independent research and represent a good contribution to theory, practice and education.
      The candidate proved an acceptable theoretical and methodological background, and ability to apply it in practical application. Taking into account all the mentioned aspects of the dissertation thesis, the presented dissertation fulfils the criteria and I recommend it to be defended."
      (p. [2])
  • doc René Leray, Ph.D.: Opponent review of Doctoral Dissertation (2019-08-26) (PDF)
    • "[Structure and methodology:] The author is clearly highly qualified concerning the field of existing econometric models and tests. The overview of literature is equally satisfactory including the fiscal effects [...]" (p. [1] f.)
    • "[Overall assessment:] Thesis brings a very interesting review of what econometric models can (and cannot) tell us about their capability for analyzing short duration phenomena and the author was right stressing their limitation (frequently because of a lack of valuable statistical data and series), this review is not sufficient by itself for producing sound conclusions and much more recommendations." (p. [2])

Declaration, Regulations[]

Statutory declaration[]

In the "Statutory declaration" (p. [3]), the author states:

  • "Herewith I declare that I have written my final thesis: [...] by myself and all sources and data used are quoted in the list of references."

Study and Examination Regulations of Mendel University in Brno[]

The "Study and Examination Regulations of Mendel University in Brno" (PDF) valid at the time of submission specify:

  • Article 24
    Doctoral study program
    "(1) Doctoral study programmes are, pursuant to Section 47 of the Act, focused on scientific research and independent creative activity in the fields of research or development or on independent theoretical and creative activity in the arts."
  • Article 33
    State doctoral examinations
    "(1) The state doctoral examinations verify the ability and readiness for independent activity in the field of research or development or for independent theoretical and creative activities in the arts."
  • Article 34
    "(1) A dissertation must include original and published results or results received for publication."

Czech Republic's "The Higher Education Act"[]

The Czech Republic's "The Higher Education Act" of 22 April 1998 (PDF, current version, published 31 August, 2018) specifies in section 47c - The Proceeding at a Public Higher Education Institution concerning Statement of Invalidity of State Examinations or Their Parts or the Thesis Defence:

  • "(2) The Rector shall express his/her decision of invalidity of the state examinations or their parts or of the thesis defence if the person whose state examinations or their parts or whose thesis defence is concerned:
    • [...]
    • b) has not met or only apparently met the conditions or requirements presented by the Higher Education Act, the degree programme, and the Study and Examination Regulations for completing the state examination or its parts or the dissertation defence because of an unauthorized usage of another person’s work in gross violation of legal provisions concerning copyright protection 32) [bold mark not in original] or because of another intentional activity not mentioned in a), in case of permanent or repeated violation of good manners or in such a case where the possibility of gaining standard knowledge and skills by participants of the given degree programme was significantly disturbed.
  • (3) In case of failing to meet conditions for completion of state examinations or their parts or the dissertation defence in accordance with Paragraphs (2) a) and b), such case is deemed to present an objective state of discontinuity between the actual state of affairs and facts confirmed by the higher education diploma when a higher education diploma has been issued without the recipient having passed the state examinations or its parts or the thesis defence.
  • (4) Proceedings for expressing the invalidity are initiated ex officio. It can be initiated by the Rector as well:
    • a) at the very latest 3 years after the legal effect of the decision by which a particular person was sentenced for an intentional crime, if the case as per Paragraph (2) a) applies; or
    • b) at the very latest 3 years from the date of performing the state examination or apparently performing the state examination or its last part or of the Doctoral thesis defence [bold mark not in original], if it is the case pursuant to Paragraph (2) b).
  • (5) If the Rector has not found any reasons for the statement of invalidity of the thesis defence or its part in accordance with (2), proceedings for the statement of the invalidity shall be discontinued."


In 2013, a VroniPlag Wiki analysis was published on a doctoral thesis, which was submitted by a person with an identical name to a German university in 2002; see → Ks.